Main Article Content


The enactment of restorative justice is vital in schools to foster a caring community and so shape students' characters. Effective implementation requires teachers to act as servant leaders. However, the authors observe a lack of information and skills in this area. Therefore, this study aims to develop a training module on restorative justice to promote teachers’ servant leadership by ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation) instructional model. The scope of this research is until the Development phase of the ADDIE process that includes producing the training module and evaluating its effectiveness in a pilot test. The training module consists of 5 sections covering 6 instructional goals. The module is designed as a fully asynchronous online training. Based on the results of pilot training, the training module substantially closes the performance gap of the learners. The training module is ready to be used in a training program for teachers.


restorative justice servant leadership ADDIE instructional model training module

Article Details

How to Cite
Dwioktorianto Effendy, S., & Wibawanta, B. (2023). A Development of a Training Module on Restorative Justice to Promote Teachers’ Servant Leadership. Eligible : Journal of Social Sciences, 2(1), 138–165.


  1. BBS PIK, C. T. (2020). Secondary & Junior College ( SJC ) Input for School as sharing from student counseling
  2. BBS PIK, D. C. (2020). Bullying survey worksheet.
  3. Berkowitz, M. W. (2002). The Science of Character Education. In W. Damon (Ed.), Bringing in a New Era in Character Education (Vol. 30, p. 557).
  4. Blerkom, M. L. Van. (n.d.). Measurement_and_Statistics_for_Teachers-Routledge(2008)_Malcolm_Van_Blerkom-.pdf.
  5. Branch, R. M. (2009). Approach, Instructional Design: The ADDIE.
  6. Broughton, G. (2009). Restorative Justice: Opportunities for Christian Engagement. International Journal of Public Theology, 3(3), 299–318.
  7. Drury, S. (2005). Teacher as Servant Leader: A Faculty Model of Effectiveness with Students. Servant Leadership Research Roundtable.
  8. Göksu, I., Özcan, K. V., Cakir, R., & Göktas, Y. (2017). Content analysis of research trends in instructional design models: 1999-2014.
  9. Journal of Learning Design, 10(2), 85.
  10. Hurley, N., Guckenburg, S., Persson, H., Fronius, T., & Petrosino, A. (2015). What Further Research Is Needed on Restorative Justice in Schools?. In WestEd. Retrieved from
  11. Hurley, N., Guckenburg, S., Persson, H., Fronius, T., & Petrosino, A. (2016). Restorative Justice in U.S. Schools: A Research Review.
  12. International, C. (2019). Outstanding Cambridge Learner Awards, Msia 28 Nov 2013.pdf.
  13. Lickona, T. (1983). Raising Good Children: From Birth Through The Teenage Years. New York: Bantam Books.
  14. Lickona, T. (2004). Character Matters: How to Help Our Children Develop Good Judgment, Integrity, and Other Essential Virtues. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  15. Marsh, V. L. (2017). Restorative Practice: History, Successes, Challenges & Recommendations. Center for Urban Education Success, (June), 1–11.
  16. Marshall, P. Shaw, G and Freeman, E. (2002). Restorative Practices: Implications for Educational Institutions. (1994). Retrieved from
  17. Mayworm, A. M., Sharkey, J. D., Hunnicutt, K. L., & Schiedel, K. C. (2016). Teacher Consultation to Enhance Implementation of School-Based Restorative Justice. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 26(4), 385–412.
  18. Nichols, J. D. (2011). Teachers as servant leaders.
  19. Noland, A., & Richards, K. (2015). Servant Teaching: An exploration of teacher servant leadership on student outcomes. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 15(6), 16–38.
  20. Skiba, R. J., & Knesting, K. (2001). Zero tolerance, zero evidence: an analysis of school disciplinary practice. New Directions for Youth Development, 92, 17–43.
  21. Vaandering, D. (2014a). Implementing restorative justice practice in schools: What pedagogy reveals. Journal of Peace Education, 11(1), 64–80.
  22. Vaandering, D. (2014b). Relational Restorative Justice Pedagogy in Educator Professional Development. Curriculum Inquiry, 44(September), 1–32.
  23. Van Ness, D. W. (2005). An Overview of Restorative Justice Around the World. Eleventh United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. Bangkok: the International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy.
  24. Zehr, H. (2005). Changing Lenses: A New Focus for Crime and Justice (Third Edit). Waterloo: Herald Press.